Common Basketball Injuries
The fast-paced action of basketball can cause a wide range of injuries, most often to the foot, ankle, and knee. Sprained ankles and knee ligament tears are common. Basketball players are also at risk for jammed fingers and stress fractures in the foot and lower leg.
Several strategies can help to prevent basketball injuries — from careful inspection of the play area to using proper passing techniques.
Proper Preparation for Play
Maintain fitness. Be sure you are in good physical condition at the start of basketball season. During the off-season, stick to a balanced fitness program that incorporates aerobic exercise, strength training, and flexibility. If you are out of shape at the start of the season, gradually increase your activity level and slowly build back up to a higher fitness level.
Warm up and stretch. Always take time to warm up and stretch. Research studies have shown that cold muscles are more prone to injury. Warm up with jumping jacks, stationary cycling or running or walking in place for 3 to 5 minutes. Then slowly and gently stretch, holding each stretch for 30 seconds.
Hydrate. Even mild levels of dehydration can hurt athletic performance. If you have not had enough fluids, your body will not be able to effectively cool itself through sweat and evaporation. A general recommendation is to drink 24 ounces of non-caffeinated fluid 2 hours before exercise. Drinking an additional 8 ounces of water or sports drink right before exercise is also helpful. While you are exercising, break for an 8 oz. cup of water every 20 minutes.
Focus on Technique
Play only your position and know where other players are on the court to reduce the chance of collisions.
Do not hold, block, push, charge, or trip opponents.
Use proper techniques for passing and scoring.
Do not forget sportsmanship.
Dr. Hoover has more than 20 years experience in diagnosing and treating diseases and injuries of the musculoskeletal system – bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles and nerves, and brings advanced technologies and the latest treatments to East Tennessee.
Call us at (865) 316-3650 for more information.